People have enjoyable lives on the farm in a way that you are free from urban pollution and noises, while also staying in a natural environment. Depending on a farm’s nature a farmer owns, great things take place on a farm. They engage in crop cultivation and harvesting, together with livestock rearing and management. The children have fun climbing trees, chasing dogs, and enjoying rides on tractors where they can learn to drive around. Farm products can be for home consumption others sold to generate money to meet family’s demands.
The usual activities on the farm are hectic, requiring the farmer to toil to meet the day’s achievement. Their schedule starts early in the morning at around 5 am to use the time to complete all the tasks on the farm for that day. They arrange all the pieces of equipment like the tractor they will require for use that day. On harvesting days, the task comes first so that the ordered products of the harvest yields are still newly fresh when they deliver. The process involves many workers whereby some pack the immediately harvested crops while others cultivate the land for later planting. In between work, there must be breaks to relax, eat to boost energy to do the rest of the day’s work.
Some activities on a farm involve crop care and maintenance, animal husbandry, land management, and maintenance with repair. Crop care together with maintenance involves planting, weeding, control of pests, diseases, irrigation, pruning, and removal of stagnant waters. When planting, either sow the seeds or transplant seedlings while watering them. Weeding to remove unwanted plants is done manually or by use of mechanized weeding. You control pests and diseases by spraying pesticides rather fungicides to the crops or apply natural methods like the use of ladybug.
Monitor your crops, observe weather changes, and use of a biological control method is also an option. In other areas where irrigation is necessary, adopt different methods of irrigation. This could include the use of a sprinkler, drip or furrow, flood irrigation considering your land’s nature and crop. Pruning involves shaping the parts of a plant to meet a certain specification, like balancing growth and efficient production of fruits by a tree. It is done properly to give the required results while maintaining the crop being pruned. Harvesting is the last stage where you now get yields from your crops to sell otherwise take as food.
In animal husbandry, farmers breed the animals, care, raise, shelter, train, feed, plus give them water. It is broadly categorized into dairy, poultry, fish, and bee farming. Those rearing hens must collect the eggs daily as well as check on their habitat’s condition. Dairy farming is the keeping of animals that provide milk such as cows, sheep, goats, including camels. Cows are milked up to 3 times a day, while goats and sheep at least twice a day. The milking process is performed manually in lest machines, milk is used at home or for commercial purposes. The industries receiving milk use it to manufacture dairy products like cheese, yogurt, etc.
Poultry farming is the keeping and managing of birds for eggs as well as meat. These birds include chicken, ducks, turkey among others which are kept at home. Farmers maintain a suitable environment where these birds live and use their wastes for manure. In fish farming, you keep fish such as tilapia, catfish in closed tanks or ponds which are food or sold. Bee farming involves keeping of bees in beehives for their honey additional wax. Managing bees is by regularly checking in addition to maintaining the beehives.
Farmers vaccinate as well as deworm animals on routinely to keep them healthy. They dispose of manure and waste from animals. Female animals on a farm require constant help plus monitoring during pregnancy, as well as delivery for the success of that entire process. In land management, you practice soil cultivation which creates a good soil structure to provide air circulation in soil, water retainment, and entry of nutrients plus water to a plant. They put fertilizers on the land or add manure to increase soil fertility. To manage soil erosion, plants cover crops.
Maintenance and repair involves mending of fences, sharpening, greasing and oiling the farm tools plus machinery. Keeping farm records such as sales, expenses, enables farmers to note their achievements along with where to improve. Life on a farm seems very hectic and requires significant efforts to accomplish daily activities. However, farmers are pleased and fulfilled at the end of the day for they provide food for themselves together with this world at large.